TRENTON – Legislation sponsored by Senator Troy Singleton and Senate Education Committee Chair M. Teresa Ruiz that requires public schools to administer written screenings for depression for students in seventh through twelfth grade cleared the Senate Education Committee today.
“We cannot wait another day, month or year to address the problem of adolescent and teen depression,” said Senator Singleton (D-Burlington). “Youth depression is on the rise. This is not just a mental health problem – it is a public health problem. This legislation providing for annual school based mental health screenings is a preemptive strike against battling this illness. It allows us to identify the symptoms of depression in our students before it’s too late.”
“Left undiagnosed and untreated, depression can lead to self-harm or even suicide. According to the CDC, suicide among teens and young adults has tripled since 1940. And suicide is also the third leading cause of death for youth between the ages of 10 and 24,” said Senator Ruiz (D-Essex). “These statistics are just unacceptable and we have to do whatever we can to make sure our children are receiving the proper care to help diagnose depression early on.”
The bill, S-2835, would require a board of education to ensure that students in grades seven through twelve receive a health screening for depression annually. The screening would be administered by the school physician or school nurse and would consist of a written self-report questionnaire to be selected by the Commissioner of Health.
Under the bill, the Department of Education and the Department of Health would jointly establish standards on the procedures to be implemented to conduct the screenings. The screenings would be required to be done in a manner that ensures the privacy of the student and the confidentiality of the results. The bill would require a board of education to notify the parent or guardian of a student whose screening for depression detects a suspected deviation from the recommended standard and to encourage the parent or guardian to share the results of the screening with the student’s primary care physician.
A student could be exempt from the depression screening upon written request of the student’s parent or guardian.
According to the CDC, 2.8 million young people between the ages of 12-17 experience at least one major depressive episode each year. Approximately 10-15% of teenagers exhibit at least one symptom of depression at any time, and about 5% of teenagers suffer from major depression at any time. Teenage depression has led to a 70% increase in suicides between 2006 and 2016.
The bill was released from committee by a vote of 3-0-2, and next heads to the Senate Budget and Appropriations Committee for further consideration.